Nepal is abundantly rich in wildlife and natural habitats which are preserved and protected as National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Game Reserves. His Majesty''''s Government of Nepal established the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) with the aim of ensuring effective conservation and management methods so as to protect and preserve the habitats of the fast diminishing wildlife in the country. In addition to this, it also is responsible for educating people; on environmental issues problems and wildlife management. Within a decade of its existence, the office established seven national parks and three wildlife reserves. These have the necessary legislation, staff and infrastructure.
Among the 14 national parks and wildlife reserves in Nepal, the Chitwan National Park is, by far, the most popular. Established in 1973, this park is situated 140 kms south west of the Kathmandu Valley. This 932 sq km area of low, heavily forested hills is a haven for some of Nepal''''s most famous wildlife. The lordly tiger, lumbering one horned rhino, leopard, varieties of deer, bear, wild deer and numerous other animals can be observed here. There are crocodiles in the rivers and wealth of birds.
The rivers flowing through these reserves are the playing grounds of the Gangetic Dolphin, and two species of crocodiles: the marsh mugger and the thin-snouted, fish-eating gharial. Over 800 species of birds have been identified in Nepal -- that is over half the total of the Indian subcontinent and approximately a tenth of the world total, in a country that covers a fraction of one percent of the world''''s landmass! Naturally, bird watching here is some of the finest in the world. The Giant Hornbill, the Paradise Flycatcher, the Large Pied Kingfisher and the Racquet-tailed Drongo are some of the more exotic birds that can be spotted in these forests.
Bardia, in the West Nepal, being more isolated is less crowded than Chitwan, and is particularly known for its high rate of tiger sighting. Chitwan on the other hand is arguably richer in fauna, and is considered by many naturalists to be simply the best wildlife reserve in Asia. The Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve in East Nepal covers 175 sq. km. of wetlands, and is one of Asia''''s best bird sanctuaries
Beside Chitwan, Bardia & Koshi Tapu, here you will find some info about other National Parks and Wildlife Reserves of Nepal.
Bardia National Park
Days: 3 Grade:
Bardia National Park also boasts the greatest number of deer of different species in Nepal, Royal Bangal tiger, Rhino, Wild elephant, mammals and hundreds types of birds.
Chitwan National Park
Days: 3 Grade:
Chitwan National Park can be easily visited on all kinds of budgets, and does not require one to possess an adventure oriented mind. Includes early morning jungle walks, elephant rides, dog-out canoe rides and sunset walks.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Days: 4 Grade:
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is situated on the Sapta-Koshi River in Eastern Nepal and cover 175 sq. km. It is home to more than 280 bird species, he last surviving population of wild buffalo or arna is found here.